Public Health and Town Planning

3 months ago
59 in steemstem

11th of January 2018 gave me a different perspective to lands and urban development and its effect on the health. I and some of my colleagues visited the Ministry of Lands and Urban Development specifically the Town planning department.

plan-2654677_1280.jpg
Source

Prior to now, I had always thought there was no much relationship between Medicine and lands and urban development.
The relationship is really much and it has a vast implication on the health.

Lands and Urban Development


The ministry of lands and urban development is divided into three departments.

  1. Department of Town Planning
  2. Survey Department
  3. Land Department

Department of Town planning was the exact department we visited.
IMG_20180112_063047_489.jpg

The job of town planning was formerly done by sanitary operators. Town and cities were discovered by accident or careful planning.

Enugu state in Nigeria for instance was discovered by accident. The discovery of coal was the reason Enugu was discovered and the carting away of the coal was what led to the building of railway station.
Abuja state, the capital of Nigeria was dicovered by careful planning.

Functions of Town Planning


The department of town planning formulates schemes and design the facilities that should be there.

There are three broad functions of town planning. The include

  1. Guiding the use of land
  2. Protecting the use of land
  3. Preventing the inconvenience of the nextc door neighbour.

Health and Town Planning


As most famously articulated by Whitehead and Dahlgren, this states that health is a function of a person's socio-economic and environmental circumstances, as well as hereditary and personal influences.
A region that is not properly planned and densely populated can be a major cause of an outbreak in a community.

With this in mind, lets look at examples of some rules in town planning and its health implication:

A. Adequate space between the fence and the building, minimum of 3meters
Benefits:
•This is to ensure circulation of air.
•Provision of septic tank
•To ensure there is space for fire service to go round the plot if there is a fire outbreak

B. Minimum height of fence:2-5meters
Benefits:
This is to ensure circulation of air

C. Ensure all rooms have double windows
Benefits:
This is to ensure circulation of air

D. Houses should not be built close to a tension wire.
If they are anywhere close, it should be at least 15meters both ways away from the high tension wire.
Benefits: This is clearly to avoid electrocution.

E. Houses should not be built close to a mast.
If they are anywhere close, it should be at least 30meters both ways away from the mast.
Benefits: This is to avoid radiations coming from the mast.

F. Minimum standard of rooms: 3meters by 3meters
Benefits:
This is to allow space for the bed and to ensure circulation of air.

G. Distance of Head room, thatvis distance from ceiling to floor: 8meters
Benefits:
This is to ensure circulation of air

H. Plant trees around the house
Benefits:
This is to ensure release of oxygen from the plants.

I. Some other don'ts include
•Do not build a factory around a residential area
•Avoid over crowding etc.

Health implications of a poorly planned environment


Poorly planned environments are vices for various diseases.
The over populated areas encourage the spread of air borne diseases like tuberculosis, influenza, etc.
Living in environments with factories can contaminate the water.
Water borne diseases can also easily be spread.
Overcrowding also encourages airborne diseases.

The relationship between town planning and our health can never be over emphasized. Be conscious about your health at all times.

Laws Governing Town Planning


There are laws governing town planning and punishment meted out to defaulters who break these rules.
If there is anyone around you whose land use is detrimental to your health, you could discuss it with them and look for ways it can be corrected but if they insist on not doing anything about it, you could report them to the town planning officer around you.

And when you want to build a house or any structure around you, consult the town planners. They are professionals and are willing to help.
Take responsibility for your health and stay healthy.
Health is Wealth!

Thank you for reading.

Authors get paid when people like you upvote their post.
If you enjoyed what you read here, create your account today and start earning FREE STEEM!
Sort Order:  trending
25
  ·  12 days ago

Interesting analogy on a correlation that does not grab much attention in the contemporary town/ environmental planning systems in western countries. This is probably because health is embedded in the mainstream planning policy and practices in these countries.

Planning in Western countries is proactive; setting global standards for high-efficiency, amenity, innovation and social justice. In developing countries, it is, like many other things, is a catching up with western systems, however, not having strong legal/ technical foundations has always been a restriction for effective planning or implementation of standards. Therefore, planning in developing nations is more characterised by being 'reactive', trying to manage existing or prevalent issues, rather than designing or making new urban spaces.

Anyone familiar with town planning history knows, that the discipline first came into being in Europe particularly in response to the unhealthy living conditions in cities during the industrial revolution. So, health is the key ingredient!

43
  ·  3 months ago

Really, I never saw the relationship between health and town planning. Your write-up is indeed insightful. Thanks for sharing.

·
59
  ·  3 months ago

You are welcome dear. Thanks for stopping by

51
  ·  3 months ago

This is good thoghts been reading ur blogs keep up the good work. Pls folllw back upvote my last post and resteem if can am new

·
59
  ·  3 months ago

Thanks dear. I just resteemed your last post

46
  ·  3 months ago

Wow, and I thought town planning was among those jobless ministries that only consume govt funds. Thanks for the info.

·
25
  ·  3 months ago

@blessbolaji say that again oo bro

·
59
  ·  3 months ago

Lol. Town planning is way more than that.
You are welcome

54
  ·  3 months ago

E. Houses should not be built close to a mast.
If they are anywhere close, it should be at least 30meters both ways away from the mast.
Benefits: This is to avoid radiations coming from the mast.

What are d effect of the radiation on human beings cos I've a mast Implanted in my com0ound

·
59
  ·  3 months ago

Radiations destroys the human cells. The body is made up of cells and anything that affecta the human cells affects the body. This can lead to sickness

47
  ·  3 months ago

You can say that again my dear, taking responsibility of ones health is the key. Nice one

52
  ·  3 months ago

You made a good call.
Tnx for sharing this piece of information

·
25
  ·  3 months ago

thanks for the support

·
59
  ·  3 months ago

Thank you

60
  ·  3 months ago

This really nice and well thought of

·
59
  ·  3 months ago

Thanks

25
  ·  3 months ago

@gee1 thanks for the post n im here to support follow me

·
59
  ·  3 months ago

You are welcome

33
  ·  3 months ago

A good job from vibrant steemian .

·
59
  ·  3 months ago

Thanks